- Avenger of blood
- (Heb. goel, from verb gaal, "to be near of kin," "to redeem"), the nearest relative of a murdered person. It was his right and duty to slay the murderer (2 Sam. 14:7, 11) if he found him outside of a city of refuge. In order that this law might be guarded against abuse, Moses appointed six cities of refuge (Ex. 21:13; Num. 35:13; Deut. 19:1, 9). These were in different parts of the country, and every facility was afforded the manslayer that he might flee to the city that lay nearest him for safety. Into the city of refuge the avenger durst not follow him. This arrangement applied only to cases where the death was not premeditated. The case had to be investigated by the authorities of the city, and the wilful murderer was on no account to be spared. He was regarded as an impure and polluted person, and was delivered up to the goel (Deut. 19:11-13). If the offence was merely manslaughter, then the fugitive must remain within the city till the death of the high priest (Num. 35:25).
Easton's Bible Dictionary. M.G. Easton. 1897.
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avenger of blood — The next of kin to a murdered person whose duty it was thought to be to avenge his or her death • • • Main Entry: ↑blood … Useful english dictionary
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avenger of blood — In a case of murder, the victim s nearest relative was expected to avenge his death, but the killing was restricted to the perpetrator of the crime (Deut. 24:16) and endless blood feuds were avoided. However, because there could be unintentional… … Dictionary of the Bible
avenger of blood — one who takes vengeance on behalf of another … English contemporary dictionary
Avenger — A*ven ger, n. 1. One who avenges or vindicates; as, an avenger of blood. [1913 Webster] 2. One who takes vengeance. [Obs.] Milton. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
BLOOD-AVENGER — A person who is authorized by law, or who is duty bound, to kill a murderer is called go el ha dam – usually translated as an avenger of blood, but more accurately to be rendered as a redeemer of blood (cf. Lev. 25:25; Ruth 3:12; I Kings 16:11).… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Blood — 1) As food, prohibited in Gen. 9:4, where the use of animal food is first allowed. Comp. Deut. 12:23; Lev. 3:17; 7:26; 17:10 14. The injunction to abstain from blood is renewed in the decree of the council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:29). It has… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
avenger — noun a) One who avenges or vindicates; as, an avenger of blood. b) One who takes vengeance … Wiktionary
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